Injuries from Low-Impact and Rear-End Collisions

A Comprehensive Guide to the Literature for Personal Injury Lawyers

Publisher: Medifocus Legal
Publication Date: July 29, 2022
Number of Pages: 151
One of the most challenging types of cases that personal injury lawyers are routinely called upon to litigate is a low-impact rear-end motor vehicle accident. Insurance carriers invariably take a hard-line in these so called minimum impact soft tissue (MIST) cases contending that the lack of objective evidence of an injury, such as X-rays, combined with little or no vehicular damage negates a causative link between the accident and the injury. There are two fundamental problems with the MIST theory: 1) the plaintiff is being judged by the extent of the damage to the vehicle, and 2) it fails to account for the patient's symptoms consistent with a physical injury.

MIST assumes a direct correlation between the intensity of the impact, as measured by an increasing change in vehicle velocity, and injury severity. While, at first glance, this argument appears to be reasonable, it does not explain why a significant number of patients involved in low-impact collisions develop symptoms consistent with a neck, shoulder, or back injury. Moreover, MIST also does not account for the fact that some victims of high-speed car crashes, during which the vehicle is "totalled", walk away from the scene of the accident with no apparent physical injuries.

The consistency of symptoms reported by victims of low-impact rear-end collisions related to neck, shoulder, and back injuries has been documented by numerous studies published in the medical literature. In some cases, these symptoms persist for a prolonged period and cause impairment of physical function and a reduced quality of life. It's evident, therefore, that aside from the intensity of impact, there exist other variables that contribute to the underlying mechanism of injury to tendons, ligaments, and muscles in low-impact, rear-end crashes. Studies published in the biomechanical literature suggest that the risk of injury in the setting of a low-impact event is dependent upon a complex interaction of factors involving both occupant variables and vehicle crash parameters.

The MediFocus Literature Guide to Injuries from Low-Impact and Rear-End Collisions is a comprehensive Guide for personal injury attorneys who routinely litigate such cases. The Guide captures the salient articles published over the past two decades in both medical and scientific journals pertaining to the symptoms, management, and prognosis of low-impact injuries and the mechanisms that may account for these injuries from a biomechanical perspective. This unique Literature Guide consists of over 200 hand-selected articles published in peer-reviewed journal with links to the Abstracts of each article. Free online access is provided to the FULL TEXT of 45 articles. The Guide also includes a valuable Author Directory for quickly identifying and locating medical and bioengineering experts for case evaluation and expert testimony.

Injuries from Low-Impact and Rear-End Collisions is a one-of-a-kind literature reference Guide that includes:

  • A comprehensive bibliography of 223 journal article references indexed in MEDLINE published in well respected medical and scientific journals.
  • Online access to the abstracts (summaries) of the articles.
  • Online access to the free full-text version of 45 articles.
  • Links to full-text sources of other articles that are available for purchase directly from individual journal publishers.
  • A unique "Author Directory" consisting of the names and institutional affiliations of experts who have published and have specialized knowledge about Injuries from Low-Impact and Rear-End Collisions. The "Author Directory" is a valuable resource for quickly identifying and locating experts for case reviews, opinions, and testimony.

Select examples of topics that are covered by the articles referenced in this Guidebook include:

  • Neck Muscle and Head/Neck Kinematic Responses While Bracing Against the Steering Wheel During Front and Rear Impacts.
  • The association between a lifetime history of low back injury in a motor vehicle collision and future low back pain:
  • Whiplash Injury or Concussion? A Possible Biomechanical Explanation for Concussion Symptoms in Some Individuals Following a Rear-End Collision.
  • Biomechanics of neck injuries resulting from rear-end vehicle collisions.
  • A study and comparison of the effects of low speed change vehicle collisions on the human body.
  • Low-velocity motor vehicle collision characteristics associated with claimed low back pain.
  • Non-whiplash soft tissue injuries following low-velocity impact collisions: A retrospective analysis.
  • The association between seeking financial compensation and injury recovery following motor vehicle related orthopaedic trauma.
  • Correlating crash severity with injury risk, injury severity, and long-term symptoms in low velocity motor vehicle collisions.
  • A study and comparison of the effects of low speed change vehicle collisions on the human body.
  • Whiplash-associated disorder from a low-velocity bumper car collision: history, evaluation, and surgery.
  • Correlation between neck injury risk and impact severity parameters in low-speed side collisions.
  • Pressure aberrations inside the spinal canal during rear-end impact.
  • Clinical response of human subjects to rear-end automobile collisions.
  • Reconstruction of low speed rear-end collisions - technical means of assessing cervical spine injuries.
  • The relationship between lower neck shear force and facet joint kinematics during automotive rear impacts.
  • The association between exposure to a rear-end collision and future neck or shoulder pain: a cohort study.
  • Biomechanical assessment of soft tissue cervical spine disorders and expert opinion in low speed collisions.
  • Low velocity impact, vehicular damage and passenger injury.
  • Neck injury following nonimpact mild traumatic brain injury in motor vehicle collisions.
The MediFocus Literature Guide on Injuries from Low-Impact and Rear-End Collisions
is available in two formats:
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