Post-Traumatic Arthritis

A Comprehensive Guide to the Literature for Personal Injury Lawyers

Publisher: Medifocus Legal
Publication Date: July 9, 2021
Number of Pages: 99

Post-traumatic arthritis (PTA) is an inflammation of a joint resulting in accelerated wearing out of the joint cartilage that is caused by any kind of physical injury. Common causes of PTA include sports-related injuries, injuries from a fall, injuries from a motor vehicle accident, and fractures or dislocations of the hip, knee, ankle, and shoulder. Typical symptoms of PTA include pain, swelling, stiffness, and instability of the affected area that can significantly impair mobility and interfere with physical and/or work-related activities. Symptoms of PTA may be delayed for up to 2 to 3 years post-injury.

Post-traumatic arthritis represents about 12% all osteoarthritis cases. The diagnosis of PTA is based upon a history of trauma to an affected joint, signs and symptoms, and imaging studies such as X-rays and MRI. In establishing the diagnosis, it is important to differentiate between PTA, where the etiology is trauma, and other types of arthritis (e.g., rheumatoid; degenerative; septic) which have different underlying pathological mechanisms. Although the pathophysiology of PTA is not well understood, inflammation secondary to trauma is thought to play a significant role. Typically, PTA resolves spontaneously within 2 to 3 months. The persistence of symptoms for 6-months or longer, known as chronic PTA, is believed to represent an ongoing inflammation of the traumatized joint.

The primary goals of PTA treatment are to minimize the symptoms, including pain, as well as to minimize loss of function of the affected joint. The initial approach to treatment includes medications, such as antiinflammatory agents or intra-articular injections of cortisone. Patients with PTA may also benefit from one or more courses of physiotherapy, which typically includes range of motion and strengthening exercises. Although these conservative treatments can help to better control PTA symptoms, they are not curative. Surgical management may be considered for those patients who do not respond adequately to conservative therapy. Surgical treatment of PTA may include debriding, reconstructing, or replacing the damaged joint surfaces.

The MediFocus Literature Guide to Post-Traumatic Arthritis captures a vast body of medical and scientific literature published in well-respected journals regarding the mechanisms of injury, risk factors, diagnosis, and medical/surgical treatment of PTA. This comprehensive literature Guide consists of over 135 hand-selected articles published in peer-reviewed journals with links to the article Abstracts and includes FREE online access to the full-text version of 32 articles. The Guide will serve as a valuable addition to the library of all personal injury attorneys involved in litigating PTA cases.

Post-Traumatic Arthritis is a one-of-a-kind literature reference Guide that includes:

  • A comprehensive bibliography of 135 journal article references indexed in MEDLINE published in well respected medical and scientific journals.
  • Online access to the abstracts (summaries) of the articles.
  • Online access to the free full-text version of 32 articles.
  • Links to full-text sources of other articles that are available for purchase directly from individual journal publishers.
  • A unique “Author Directory” consisting of the names and institutional affiliations of experts who have published and have specialized knowledge about Post-Traumatic Arthritis. The “Author Directory” is a valuable resource for quickly identifying and locating experts for case reviews, opinions, and testimony.

Select examples of topics that are covered by the articles referenced in this Guidebook include:

  • Incidence, prevalence, and risk of post-traumatic arthritis following traumatic injuries to specific joints including the knee, hip, ankle, elbow, arm,foot and shoulder.
  • Pathogenesis and mechanisms of injury in post-traumatic arthritis.
  • Functional evaluation of patients with post-traumatic arthritis.
  • Predictors of outcome and quality of life after treatment of post-traumatic arthritis.
  • The medical management and surgical treatments for post-traumatic arthritis.
  • Medico-legal aspects of post-traumatic arthritis.
  • Early post-traumatic arthritis changes in human cartilage following trauma.
  • Long-term outcome studies of patients with post-traumatic arthritis.
  • Olecranon fractures: do they lead to osteoarthritis? Long-term outcomes and complications.
  • Complication Rates in Total Knee Arthroplasty Performed for Osteoarthritis and Post-Traumatic Arthritis: A Comparison Study.
  • Posttraumatic Arthritis After Intra-Articular Distal Femur and Proximal Tibia Fractures.
  • Managing of post-traumatic knee arthritis by total knee arthroplasty: case series of 15 patientsand literature review.
  • Trauma-induced concomitant psoriatic arthritis and complex regional pain syndrome.
  • Persistent postoperative step-off of the posterior malleolus leads to higher incidence of post-traumatic osteoarthritis in trimalleolar fractures.
  • Predictors for secondary hip osteoarthritis after acetabular fractures-a pelvic registry study.
  • Ankle fractures with syndesmotic stabilisation are associated with a high rate of secondaryosteoarthritis.
  • Functional outcomes and quality of life in patients with subtalar arthrodesis for posttraumatic arthritis.
  • Predictors of osteoarthritis following operative treatment of medial tibial plateau fractures.
  • Comminuted intraarticular fractures of the tibial plateau lead to posttraumatic osteoarthritis of the knee
  • Prevalence of posttraumatic arthritis and the association with outcome measures following distalradius fractures in non-osteoporotic patients: a systematic review.
The MediFocus Literature Guide on Post-Traumatic Arthritis
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